2014년 12월 26일 금요일

[iOS] 원형의 그라디언트 이미지를 그려봅시다. (Rendering a radial gradient)

Radial Gradient

원형으로 배경을 은은하게 채워야하는 경우에, 아래와 같이 그림이 필요합니다.
이미지를 만들어서 넣으면 좋겠지만, Core Graphics를 사용해서 그릴 수 있습니다.
만들 이미지
source code
- (void)drawRadialGradient:(UIColor *)startColor
                  endColor:(UIColor *)endColor
                startPoint:(CGPoint)startPoint
               startRadius:(CGFloat)startRadius
                  endPoint:(CGPoint)endPoint
                 endRadius:(CGFloat)endRadius
                   context:(CGContextRef)context
{
    CGColorRef colorRef = startColor.CGColor;
    CGColorRef endColorRef = endColor.CGColor;
    NSArray *marrColors=[NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         (__bridge id)colorRef,    //start color
                         (__bridge id)endColorRef, //end color
                         nil];
    CFArrayRef colors =(__bridge CFArrayRef)(marrColors);
    CGColorSpaceRef colorSpc = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
    CGGradientRef gradient = CGGradientCreateWithColors(colorSpc, colors, Nil);
    
    // generates Radial Gradient
    CGContextDrawRadialGradient(context, gradient,
                                startPoint, startRadius,
                                endPoint, endRadius,
                                0);
    CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpc);
    CGGradientRelease(gradient);
}
 



이 함수를 이용해서, 중심에 그리면, 위 만들이미지와 같은 효과를 얻을 수 있습니다.

Drawing a radial gradient like Lens


그러면, Gradient에 이미지를 추가하면 중간에 이미지가 추가가 됩니다.
source code
- (void)drawRadialGradient:(UIColor *)startColor
                  midColor:(UIColor *)midColor
                  endColor:(UIColor *)endColor
                startPoint:(CGPoint)startPoint
               startRadius:(CGFloat)startRadius
                  endPoint:(CGPoint)endPoint
                 endRadius:(CGFloat)endRadius
                   context:(CGContextRef)context
{
    CGColorRef colorRef = startColor.CGColor;
    CGColorRef midColorRef = midColor.CGColor;
    CGColorRef endColorRef = endColor.CGColor;
    NSArray *marrColors=[NSArray arrayWithObjects:(__bridge id)colorRef,
                         (__bridge id)midColorRef,
                         (__bridge id)endColorRef, nil];
    CFArrayRef colors =(__bridge CFArrayRef)(marrColors);
    CGColorSpaceRef colorSpc = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
    CGGradientRef gradient = CGGradientCreateWithColors(colorSpc, colors, Nil);
    
    // generates Radial Gradient
    CGContextDrawRadialGradient(context, gradient,
                                startPoint, startRadius,
                                endPoint, endRadius,
                                0);
    CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpc);
    CGGradientRelease(gradient);
}
호출하는 소스
- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
    
    CGContextRef context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext();

    
    // Drawing code
    UIColor *whiteColor = [UIColor whiteColor];
    UIColor *blueColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    UIColor *greenColor = [UIColor greenColor];
    
    CGSize size = self.frame.size;
    CGPoint center = CGPointMake(size.width/2, size.height/2);
    /*/
    [self drawRadialGradient:greenColor endColor:self.backgroundColor
                  startPoint:center startRadius:0
                    endPoint:center endRadius:size.width/2
                     context:context];
    /*/
    [self drawRadialGradient:greenColor midColor:blueColor endColor:whiteColor
                  startPoint:center startRadius:0
                    endPoint:center endRadius:size.width/2
                     context:context];
    CGPoint point2 = CGPointMake(size.width/2-15, size.height/2-15);
    [self drawRadialGradient:whiteColor endColor:greenColor
                  startPoint:point2 startRadius:0
                    endPoint:point2 endRadius:5
                     context:context];
    point2 = CGPointMake(size.width/2+15, size.height/2+15);
    [self drawRadialGradient:whiteColor endColor:greenColor
                  startPoint:point2 startRadius:0
                    endPoint:point2 endRadius:2
                     context:context];
     //*/
}


결과물
3가지 색으로만
3가지 색에, 점 2개 찍은것


나름 랜즈와 비슷한 것이 나온것 같군요.